Emily Kame Kngwarreye Biography

Emily Kame Kngwarreye painting at Delmore

Emily Kngwarreye’s laughter was captivating and electrifying, like her paintings. She had a great sense of humour and a confident demeanour, which, when coupled with her loud yet melodious voice and complex wit made her a fascinating character indeed. Like her art, she was never boring, always colourful and occasionally unpredictable.

Emily Kame Kngwarreye (c. 1910-1996) was a senior member of the Anmatyerre community and resident at Utopia in the Northern Territory, a former cattle station reclaimed by its traditional Indigenous Australian owners in 1979.

Emily was born at Alhalkere in the northwest corner of Utopia Station, and grew up working on various cattle stations. In June 1934 at approximately twenty-four years old, Emily strode into the Macdonald Downs Homestead (100 kilometres east of Alhalkere) and announced to one and all that she intended to work in the house and muster cattle with sisters Jessie Holt (née Chalmers) and Jean Weir (née Chalmers). Working together, the women became firm friends, often chasing down the big perenties (extremely large lizards) on horseback, finding wild honey and a wide variety of bush tucker on the fertile river flats. It is from this friendship that a strong bond of mutual respect would later grow between Don Holt (Jessie Holt’s son) and Emily Kngwarreye, before and during her brilliant career as a contemporary artist.

Emily commenced painting on fabric in the batik technique in 1977. Initially instructed by Yipati, a Pitjantjatjara artist from Ernabella and Suzie Bryce, a craft instructor. Later Jenny Green taught her to drive a car and sign her name at Utopia. Jenny Green and Julia Murray became enthusiastic teachers and soon had approximately eighty people, including several men, producing wild and free-flowing coloured silk and cotton batiks.

At the time, the market for batik was very small, and Jenny and Julia found it hard to survive. At Delmore, the Holt family bought over 200 batiks, which was only a small part of the work produced. Some of these works have now become treasured pieces.

Emily's unique and beautiful silk batiks had their first public exhibition, 'Artworks', in 1980, with Mona Byrne, a successful businesswoman and artist herself, who had been born and raised at Hermansberg, 80 kilometres west of Alice Springs. Mona had previously held exhibitions of her own work and had promoted the early Hermansburg watercolour landscape artists, including Albert Namatjira. Mona (née Johannssen) spread the word about the Utopia batik artists across the Territory and throughout Australia.

More exhibitions followed: 'Floating forests of silk' at the Adelaide Festival Centre in 1981, curated by Silver Harris; The Sydney Craft Expo and the Brisbane Commonwealth Games Exhibition in 1982, then the Adelaide Festival Centre and the Alice Springs Craft Council in 1983. State galleries also began to acquire some pieces.

Over the next three years, the Utopia batik silks were shown across the nation in Canberra, Brisbane, Adelaide, Sydney, Darwin, Perth, Alice Springs and Hobart.

In 1988, CAAMA  (Central Australian Aboriginal Media Association) became involved in helping to promote the Utopia artists. Anne Marie Brodie, curator for The Holmes a Court Family, travelled to Utopia several times with Rodney Gooch, the manager of CAAMA, where 88 silks, including one by Emily, were commissioned, then acquired by the Holmes a Court Family of Perth, WA.

In April 1989 an exhibition was held at the S. H. Ervin Gallery in Sydney, which was well received. Emily's work was outstanding and attracted a lot of attention. From there, 77 oval shaped paintings toured North America under the auspices of The Austral Gallery, Saint Louis. As well as Emily Kame Kngwarreye and other Utopia women including Gloria Petyarre, Kathleen Petyarre, Violet Petyarre, Polly Ngale, Kathleen Ngale, Angelina Ngale, Lily Sandover Kngwarreye and Joy Kngwarreye; ten men also participated in this project.

Emily Kngwarreye produced her first painting on linen in 1988. She was the leader of a number of song cycles for particular women’s ceremonies. Her paintings were mostly based on Anmatyerre body painting designs, awelye; Dreaming sites especially associated with the emu, and the tubers and flowers of the bush yam.

Emily always enjoyed the company of Lily Kngwarreye, whose father, Jacob, had adopted her into his family and the Alyawarre tribe. Lily was a strong, gentle woman, who had a baby with Emily's ex-husband, giving him an heir and Emily a son, to whom she was devoted. The two women were like sisters and the best of friends, and would most often be seen painting together.

In April 1989, Emily Kngwarreye, Lily Sandover Kngwarreye and Joy Kngwarreye approached the Holt family at Delmore, and asked if they could provide materials for them to paint, and then to buy the works. Very quickly Delmore Gallery was formed, commissioning artworks and acting as an art centre for Utopia. Emily, Lily and Joy were the first of 138 people who painted at Delmore that year. The demand for good art, and in particular, Emily's paintings, took off like wildfire over the next decade.

Art dealers from Melbourne and Sydney became very excited, and Delmore Gallery supplied Emily's work to select interstate galleries. Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi in Melbourne, The Coventry and Hogarth Galleries in Sydney were chosen initially as they were the oldest and most successful, and Chandler Coventry, Ace Bourke and Gabrielle Pizzi had good clientele and helped further Emily's career. Much later, Delmore supplied some of Emily's works to Cooee Gallery. Adrien Newstead also kindly introduced the Holts to Barry Stern Gallery in Sydney. In Melbourne, William Mora Galleries showed great enthusiasm in Emily’s works, with William often visiting Delmore to see the artists paint. He quickly became the predominant dealer of Emily’s works in Melbourne.

Don Holt stated that in May 1989, they decided to keep all of the best paintings and create a retrospective group for all of the major artists in the Delmore private collection. Many of these paintings were so good that as Don Holt recalls, 'I did not want to put them into trading stock and sell them when dealers such as William Mora, Dominic Maunsell, or Adrien Newstead rang asking if we had any Emily Kngwarreye art for sale. Yet, we had to continue to sell enough of her artworks to remain viable'.

On 30 October 1989, the first Delmore Gallery Utopia Exhibition of paintings on linen, 'Aboriginal Art from Utopia', opened at Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi in Melbourne. Curated by the Holts, and enthusiastically shown by Gabrielle, Emily was the star of the show, and this led to solo exhibitions in 1990 of Emily Kame Kngwarreye paintings in Sydney with Coventry Gallery, in Melbourne with Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi, and in Brisbane with Robin Purvis.

These were sold out shows of which Judith Ryan of the NGV was a strong supporter. The early purchase of Emily’s work at Delmore by James Mollison, the director of the National Gallery of Victoria, was very significant, and a powerful message to other curators and gallery directors. Also in 1990, the Robert Holmes a Court Foundation exhibited Emily Kngwarreye and Louie Pwerle at the Perth institute of Contemporary Arts (PICA). Noel Sheridan, the director, said:

'Those kinds of modernist, existentialist explorations that moved from a materialist base to abstraction in search of truer articulation are some how confirmed by the powerful knowledge resources that Emily Kngwarreye and others in her community seem to effortlessly draw upon, across thousands of years allowing us to glimpse and see for ourselves what is radical in great art'.

Travelling to Perth was Emily's first trip on an aeroplane and, unfortunately, she had a minor stroke on the return which caused damage to her left arm. As an ambidextrous artist, this left her partially incapacitated and afraid. As a result, she decided to slow down, reduce her workload and to paint mainly in the more relaxed atmosphere at Delmore, where she would drive over from Utopia to paint whenever she felt like it.

By 1990/91, Emily had become a master painter. Her powerful, confident use of colour created sublime works that inspired some critics and curators to compare her to Monet, Pollock, Kandinsky and Matisse.

The growing attraction of Emily’s artworks

Emily absolutely loved an audience. We used to say, 'the bigger the camera, the better the painting', says Don Holt. When visitors watched her paint and then bought Emily’s artworks, she was very happy. Whenever the Holt family at Delmore rang a potential client and let them know that there were Emily Kngwarreye paintings available, they usually came to visit without hesitation. Private collectors and gallery owners from Europe and America flew into Delmore to meet Emily, to watch her paint and to buy her works. The National Gallery of Victoria and The National Gallery of Australia were quick to start collecting Delmore Emily's, followed at a slower pace by the state galleries and many serious private collectors.

Emily Kame Kngwarreye artworks were suddenly in very high demand. At Delmore Gallery, there were Emily paintings done in the yam style since April 1995, when she decided to focus on this fascinating abstract depiction of this most important Anmatyerre food source. For five months, she had been creating beautiful yam paintings at Delmore Gallery and very few people were interested. Now the word was out and major galleries and collectors were ringing to ask whether there were any Emily Kngwarreye paintings for sale.

1995 became a very exciting year for Delmore Gallery and the Holt family. They held a non-selling exhibition of some of the private collection at Mary Place in Sydney, and from then the television crews started arriving, along with journalists and major gallery directors.

When Emily was painting 'Big Yam Dreaming' at Delmore on Saturday 22nd July, 1995, Don Holt received a phone call from Ace Bourke (manager of The Hogarth Gallery in Sydney) who asked whether Delmore Gallery had any Emily Kngwarreye art for sale. He was keen to fly out the next day with a large group of friends to look at Emily Kngwarreye paintings and any other great art that may be available. What transpired on the 23rd of July, has become a legend in the art world. The 'Big Yam Dreaming' painting was not for sale but Tim Klingender, Judy and Ron Behan, Ace Bourke and his sister, and Andre Janczewski witnessed and photographed Emily Kame Kngwarreye paint her masterpiece. It was an amazing day. Described as Kngwarreye's greatest graphic statement, the Holt family presented this painting to The National Gallery of Victoria, where Gallery Director, Timothy Potts, made a commitment to keep the "Big Yam Dreaming" on permanent display at the new Federation Square gallery.

On 24th August 1995, Don commissioned Emily to paint what became a superb piece of artistic poetry. She called it Yam Awelye. Don remembers, 'We decided to give this amazing work of art to the Australian National Gallery in Canberra. It was one of the very best of Emily Kngwarreye’s paintings'. The Delmore Gallery code was 95H085. In the book, Emily Kngwarreye Paintings, Judith Ryan from the National Gallery of Victoria, said of this significant work: 'The paint layer, furious in its intensity, is a flurry of dense overlapping lines and shows the extreme expressionist edge of her paintings'(1998:83).

Don Holt continued to receive enquiries for Emily’s artworks from private collectors and dealers, but ultimately decided to accept the invitation to show an exhibition of some of his private collection of her paintings in Parliament House, Canberra. This opened on the 7th of November 1995. Don later received a letter from the Prime Minister, Paul Keating, which he read to Emily, in which Keating stated that he had greatly enjoyed Emily’s paintings and thanked the Holts for having the exhibition. Emily had previously met Keating in 1992 when she was awarded the Australian Creative Artists Fellowship. She was very pleased that the Prime Minister had enjoyed her work.

Later in 1995, Judith Behan in Canberra held a very successful exhibition of Emily Kame Kngwarreye art for sale at the Chapman gallery, where they were enjoyed by hundreds of art lovers.

Delmore Gallery has been involved in curating fifty Emily Kngwarreye exhibitions, twenty seven solo and thirty three group shows.

During her brief but dazzling career as an artist, Emily Kngwarreye had numerous solo and group exhibitions. She is represented in all major state gallery collections in Australia and in significant collections of contemporary international art in the USA, Europe and the UK. Emily was among the artists chosen to represent Australia at the 1997 Venice Biennale. A retrospective, 'Emily Kame Kngwarreye: Alhalkere — Paintings from Utopia' toured Brisbane, Sydney, Melbourne and Canberra in 1998, and in 2008, 'Utopia: the Genius of Emily Kame Kngwarreye' toured Osaka, Tokyo and Canberra. She is widely considered to be the most important and influential Aboriginal artist to date.

Emily, like most highly successful artists, was often copied and some of these copies are wrongly attributed as her failures.

Emily passed away in Alice Springs on the 2nd of September, 1996.

View Emily Kngwarreye paintings

 

COLLECTIONS

Allen Allen and Hemsley, Sydney
Araluen Arts Centre, Alice Springs
Artbank, Australia
Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth
ATSIC Collection, Canberra
Auckland City Art Gallery, New Zealand
Australia National University, Canberra
B.P. (Australia)
Benalla Regional Art Gallery, Victoria
Campbelltown City Art Gallery, NSW
Carnegie Collection
Coventry Collection
Delmore Collection, Alice Springs, NT
Donald Khan Collection, Miami, USA
Gantner Myer Collection, San Francisco
Holmes a Court Collection, Heytsbury
Kelton Foundation, Los Angeles, USA
Levi Kaplan Collection, Seattle, USA
Lowe Art Museum, University of
Macquarie University, Sydney
Museum of Victoria, Melbourne
N.T. Museum & Art Gallery, Darwin
National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
Parliament House Art Collection, Canberra
Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane
The Vatican Collection, Rome
Thomas Vroom Collection, Netherlands
Transfield Collection, Sydney
University of New England, NSW
University of New South Wales, Sydney
University of Sydney Union, Sydney
The Colin and Elizabeth Laverty Collection
The Janet Holt Collection
The Donald Holt Collection 

    SOLO EXHIBITIONS

    2008  Utopia: the Genius of Emily Kame Kngwarreye, National Museum of Art, Osaka, Japan
    2008  Utopia: the Genius of Emily Kame Kngwarreye, the National Art Centre, Tokyo, Japan
    2008  Utopia: the Genius of Emily Kame Kngwarreye, the National Museum of Australia, Canberra
    2008  The Chapman Gallery and Delmore Gallery present Emily Kame Kngwarreye, The Chapman Gallery, Canberra
    2007  Earthly Reflections of Heavenly Things, The Ian Potter Museum of Art, Melbourne
    2006  Ten Years On Utopia Art, Sydney
    2002  Emily: Paintings by Emily Kame Kngwarreye from the Holmes a Court Collection Holmes a Court Gallery, Perth
    2000  Paintings Utopia Art, Sydney.
    1999  Emily, De oude Kerk, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
    1999  Emily Kame Kngwarreye – Alhalkere – Paintings from Utopia, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
    1998  Emily Kame Kngwarreye – Alhalkere - Paintings from Utopia, Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane: Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney: National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
    1998  Earth’s Creation: the Paintings of Emily Kngwarreye, Lauraine Diggins Fine Art, Melbourne; Hotel Sofitel, Melbourne
    1997  Looking Back, Utopia Art, Sydney
    1997  The Spirit Sings: Paintings by Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Tandanya National Aboriginal Cultural Institute Inc in association with Dreaming Art Centre of Utopia 
    1997  Body Painting Series, Robert Steele Gallery, New York; Anima Gallery, Adelaide 
    1996  Emily Kame Kngwarreye Phillip Bacon Gallery, Brisbane, in association with Delmore Gallery
    1996  Recent Paintings William Mora Gallery, Melbourne, in association with Delmore Gallery
    1996  Emily Kngwarreye Framed Gallery, Darwin, in association with Delmore Gallery
    1996  Emily Kame Kngwarreye c 1910-96, Chapman Gallery, Canberra, in association with Delmore Gallery
    1996  Blue Paintings, Niagara Galleries, Melbourne
    1996  Emily Kame Kngwarreye Fireworks Gallery, Brisbane
    1995  The Delmore Collection Selected Exhibition and Survey of Works 1989 - 1995, Mary Place Gallery, Sydney
    1995  Recent Paintings 1993-1994 William Mora Gallery, Melbourne, in association with Delmore Gallery
    1995  A New Expression Utopia Art, Sydney
    1995  Installation of Big Yam Story, National Gallery of Victoria, donated by Donald and Janet Holt and family                    
    1995  Emily Kame Kngwarreye: Paintings from 1989 - 1995, Delmore Collection, Parliament House, Canberra
    1995  Power of the Line Chapman Gallery, Canberra in association with Delmore Gallery
    1995  Emily Kngwarreye Framed Gallery, Darwin in association with Delmore Gallery
    1994  Emily Kame Kngwarreye Rebecca Hossack Gallery, London in association with Delmore Gallery
    1994  Emily Kame Kngwarreye Chapman Gallery, Canberra, in association with Delmore Gallery
    1994  New Directions Utopia Art, Sydney
    1993  Emily Kngwarreye Hogarth, Sydney, in association with Delmore Gallery
    1993  Recent Paintings by Emily Kngwarreye Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi, Melbourne, in association with Delmore Gallery           
    1993  The Alhalkere suite, Utopia Art, Sydney
    1992  Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi, Melbourne, in association with Delmore Gallery
    1992  Alhalkere, Utopia Art, Sydney
    1991  Emily Kngwarreye, Hogarth, Sydney, in collaboration with Delmore Gallery
    1991  Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Utopia Art ,Sydney                                                  
    1991  Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Robin Purvis Brisbane, in association with Delmore Gallery
    1991  Aboriginal Paintings from the Desert, Union of Soviet Artists Gallery, Moscow and Museum of Ethnographic Art, St. Petersburg, Russia.
    1990  Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Coventry Gallery, Sydney, in association with Delmore Gallery
    1990  Paintings by Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi, Melbourne, in association with Delmore Gallery
    1990  Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Robin Purvis Brisbane, in association with Delmore Gallery
    1990  Utopia Art, Sydney

    JOINT EXHIBITIONS

      1995   Ian Fairweather and Emily Kngwarreye, Niagara Galleries, Melbourne
      1994  Contemporary Australian Masters, Aptos Cruz Gallery, Stirling, S.A. in association with Delmore Gallery
      1990  Utopia Artists in Residence Project: Louie Pwerle and Emily Kngwarreye

      GROUP EXHIBITIONS

      2017  The Golden Age of Utopia, Aboriginal Signature Estrangin gallery, Brussels, Belgium
      2016  Everywhen: The Eternal Present in Indigenous art from Australia, Harvard Art Museums, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
      2013  Australia, Royal Academy of Arts, London, UK
      2008  Emily Kame Kngwarreye and her Legacy: Visions of Utopia that Penetrate the Soul of the Eastern Desert, Art Front Gallery Hillside Forum, Tokyo, Japan
      2007  Delmore @ Le Louvre, Melbourne
      2007  Delmore Gallery – A new Selection of Utopia Art, Mary Place Gallery, Sydney
      2007  Paperweight: Works on Paper by Indigenous Artists, Suzanne O’Connell Gallery, Brisbane
      2006  Delmore Art of Utopia, Mary Place Gallery, Sydney
      2006  Dreaming Their Way, Australian Aboriginal Women Painters National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington DC, USA
      2006  Bits and Pieces, Abstract Art Utopia Art, Sydney
      2006  The Australian Aboriginal Art Exhibition, Shimonoseki City Art Museum. Shimonoseki, Japan
      2006  Landmarks, Ian Potter Centre, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
      2006  Prism: contemporary Australian Art, Bridgestone Museum of Art, Kyobashi, Chuo-Ku, Tokyo
      2005  Utopia Neville Keating Gallery, London in association with  Delmore Gallery.
      2005  Colour Power: Aboriginal Art post 1984, Ian Potter Centre, National Gallery of Victoria, National Museum of Australia, Canberra
      2004  Silk: Utopia Batiks from the Homes a Court Collection, Holmes a Court Gallery, Perth
      2004  Talking About Abstraction, Ivan Dougherty Gallery, Sydney
      2004  The Women’s Show Vivien Anderson Gallery, Melbourne
      2004  Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Maxie Tjampitjinpa: Classic Images, Utopia Art, Sydney
      2004  Utopia: Ancient Cultures New Forms, Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth
      2004  Home and Away: Contemporary Australian and New Zealand Art from the Chartwell Collection, Auckland Art Gallery, New Zealand
      2004  A Selection of Important Twentieth Century Australian Paintings, Martin Browne Fine Art, Sydney
      2004  Emily Kame Kngwarreye and Rover Thomas, Utopia Art, Sydney
      2003  Australian Contemporary Art in Prague, Toskansky Place, Prague
      2003  Australian Art, National Gallery of Australia
      2003  Big Country: Works from the Flinders University Art Museum Collection, State Library of South Australia, Adelaide
      2003  Spirit Country, Echigo Tsumari Triennial: Niigata Prefecture: Hillside Forum, Daikanyama, Tokyo
      2002  The Year in Review, Utopia Art, Sydney
      2002  Structures of Difference, Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, Connecticut, USA
      2002  Indigenous Works on Paper, Damien Minton Gallery, Newcastle
      2002 Lines II, Fireworks Gallery, Brisbane
      2002 A Way Through: the Sue and Ian Bernadt Collection, Aboriginal Paintings by Women Artists, Central Tafe Art Gallery, Northbridge, Western Australia
      2002  December Exhibition, Chapman Gallery, Canberra
      2002  Women Painters of the Desert, Fireworks Gallery, Brisbane
      2002 Discomfort, Women Painters of the Desert, Fireworks Gallery, Brisbane
      2001  Museum, Utopia Art Sydney
      2001  Dreamtime: the Dark and the Light, Kunst der Gegennwart, Sammlung EsslVienna, Austria
      2001  Desert Flowering: Aboriginal Art from Private Collections, Manawatu Gallery, New Zealand
      2001  The Australian Aboriginal Art Exhibition, Iwaki City Art Museum, Iwaki, Japan: Asahikasa Museum of Art, Asahikawa, Japan: Tochigi Prefecturat Museum of fine Arts, Utonomiya, Japan
      2000  Touring Contemporary Australian Aboriginal Art in Modern Worlds, State hermitage Museum, St Petersburg, Russie: National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
      2000  Utopia Art, University of the Sunshine Coast, Library Gallery, Brisbane, Queensland
      1999  Treading Softly, Chapman Gallery, Canberra,
      1999  Of My Country, Bendigo Art Gallery, Bendigo Victoria
      1998  Utopia: Ancient Cultures New Forms, Galeri Petronas, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
      1998  Fluent: La Biennale Di Venezia, 1997 (47th), Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney; Drill Hall Gallery, Australian National University, Canberra: Australian Centre for Contemporary Art, Melbourne; Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart; Tandanya National Aboriginal Cultural Institute, Adelaide; Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth
      1998  Painting up the Country I,II,III Raiki Warra: Long Cloth from Aboriginal Australia and the Torres Strait, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne;Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory, Darwin; Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
      1998  The Ladies of Utopia, Chapman Gallery, Canberra
      1997  Masterworks: A Classic Collection, Cooee Aboriginal Art, Sydney, in association with Delmore Gallery
      1996  Dots, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
      1996  Emily Kame Kngwarreye: The First Ochres, Lauraine Diggins Fine Art, Melbourne 
      1996  Women of Utopia, Creative Native, Perth
      1996  Contemporary Australian Abstraction, Niagara Galleries, Melbourne
      1996  Women Hold Up Half the Sky, Monash University Gallery, Victoria
      1996  The Third National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Award, Old Parliament House, Canberra
      1996  The Gesture, Utopia Art Sydney
      1996  This is My Country - This is Me, Seattle Art Museum, Downtown, Seattle, USA
      1996  Utopia Women, Utopia Art, Sydney
      1996  Flagging the Republic, Sherman Galleries, Sydney and New England Art Museum
      1996  Nangara: The Australian Aboriginal Art Exhibition - From the Ebes Collection, sichting Sint-Jan, Brugges, Belgium
      1996  Voices of the Earth, Jehangir Nicholson Museum, National Gallery for Performing Arts, Mumbai, India; The Karnataka Chirrakala Parishath, Bangalore, India
      1996  Spirit and Place Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney
      1996  The Eye of the Storm: Eight Contemporary Indigenous Australian Artists, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
      1996  ACAF 5: 5th Australian Contemporary Art Fair, Royal Exhibition Building, Melbourne
      1996  Return from the Art Fair*, Utopia Art, Sydney
      1996  Aboriginal Australian Art Seattle Art Museum, Seattle USA
      1996  3rd National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Art Award, Old Parliament House, Canberra
      1996  Contemporary Australian Aboriginal Art Sherman Galleries, Sydney
      1996  Recent Paintings from Utopia: Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Gloria Petyarre, Barbara Weir, Flinders Lane Gallery, Melbourne
      1995  Painted Dreams; Western Desert Paintings from the Johnson Collection, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
      1995  Place and Perception: New Acquisitions: Parliament House Art Collection, Parliament House, Canberra
      1995  Ironsides, Powerhouse Museum, Sydney
      1995  Creators and Inventors: 130 Years of Australian Women’s Art, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
      1995  Asia and Oceania Influence, Ivan Dougherty Gallery, Sydney
      1995  Pathways I: Changes and Exchanges Queensland Art Gallery, Brisbane
      1995  Works on Paper, Utopia Art, Sydney                                   
      1995  International Works on Paper Fair, Mitchell Galleries, State Library of New South Wales
      1995  New Works/New Directions: Recent Acquisitions by the Chartwell Collection, Waikato Museum of the Art and History Te Whare Taonga, Waikato, New Zealand
      1995  Stories: Eine Reise zu den groben Dingen - elf Kunstler der Australischen Aborigines, werke aus der Sammlung Holmes a Court, Perth, Sprengel Museum, Hannover, Museum fur Volkerkunde zu Leipzig, Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin, Ludwig forum fur Internationale Kunst, Aachen
      1995  Emily Kame Kngwarreye and Ian Fairweather, Niagara Galleries, Melbourne
      1995  Utopia Art, Sydney
      1995  Hogarth Gallery, Sydney                                               
      1995  Cooee Gallery, Sydney
      1995  Kenthurst Gallery, Sydney
      1995  Paintings from the Western Desert, Anima Gallery, Adelaide
      1995  Dreamings: Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Barbara Weir, Gloria Kngale and mixed Utopia: recent works Dacau Gallery, Adelaide
      1995  Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Motorcar Jim, and Barbara Weir, Davis Gallery, Melbourne
      1995  Dreaming: Recent work 1994-5, Dacou Gallery, Adelaide
      1995  Celebration of the Art and Craft of Aboriginal women, Aboriginal Tribal Art Centre, Sydney
      1994  Identities: Art from Australia, Taipei Fine Arts Museum, Taiwan, Wollongong City Gallery, NSW
      1994  Utopia Body Paint: The Oval Paintings collection, Bishop Museum, Hawaii
      1994  The Land, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
      1994  Desert Painting, Fireworks Gallery, Brisbane
      1994  ACAF 4 - The Fourth Australian Contemporary Art Fair, Royal Exhibition Centre, Melbourne
      1994  Yiribana: An Introduction the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Collection, the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
      1994  Ink Lines: Mapping the Printer, Cooee Aboriginal Aboriginal Art Sydney
      1994  Lauraine Diggins Fine Art, Melbourne
      1994  The Range, Utopia Art, Sydney
      1994  Power of the Land: Masterpieces of Aboriginal Art, National Gallery of Victoria
      1994  Flash Pictures: by Aboriginal and Torres Strait islander Artists, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart, Tasmania, Geelong Art Gallery, Geelong Victoria;Bendigo Art Gallery, Bendigo Victoria
      1994  Creators and Inventors: 130 of Australian Womens’ Art in the National Gallery of Victoria, National Gallery of Victoria
      1994  Dreamings: Tjukurrpa: Aboriginal Art of the Western Desert: the Donald Khan Collection, Museum Villa Stuck, Munich, Germany2nd National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Heritage Art Award exhibition, Old Parliament House, Canberra
      1993  National Gallery of Victoria, Clemenger Award entrant
      1993  Dusseldorf, Aratjara, Kunstsammlung Nordrein-Westfalen
      1993  Gallery Australis,  Adelaide
      1993  Landmarks The Chapman Gallery, Canberra
      1993  On Our Selection: Recent Acquisitions of Contemporary Australian Painting and Sculpture from the Robert Holmes a Court Collection, Perth Institute of Contemporary Arts (PICA), Perth
      1993  Trevor Nickolls and paintings by Emily Kngwarreye, Ginger Riley, Munduwalawala and Rover Thomas quo; Hogarth Galleries, Sydney
      1993  Contemporary Aboriginal Art from the Robert Holmes a Court Collection, Moree Plains Gallery, Moree
      1993  Joan and Peter Clemenger Triennial Exhibition of Contemporary Australian Art, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
      1993  After the Field...A Contemporary Australian Abstraction, Utopia Art Sydney, Manly Art Gallery, Sydney
      1993  Chandler Coventry: A Private Collection,Campbelltown City Art Gallery
      1993  Aratjara: Art of the First Australians, Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf. Hayward Gallery, London. Louisiana Museum, Humlebaek.
      1993  Scarf, Greenway Gallery, Hyde Park Barracks, Sydney
      1993  Tjukurrpa, Desert Dreamings: Aboriginal Art from Central Australia (1971-1993), Art Gallery of Western Australia, Perth
      1993  Flash Pictures: by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Artists, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra; New England Regional Museum, Armidale,; Perc Tucker Regional Gallery, Townsville; Araluen Centre for Arts and Entertainment, Alice Springs; Tandanya National Aboriginal Cultural Institute Inc, Adelaide
      1992  Paintings from Utopia: Emily Kame Kngwarreye, Ada Bird Petyarre and Gloria Petyarre, Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi, Melbourne in association with Delmore Gallery
      1992  ACAF 3 - The Third Australian Contemporary Art Fair. Royal Exhibition Centre, Melbourne
      1992  Aboriginal Art: Utopia in the Desert Nogazaka Arthall, Tokyo, Japan         
      1992  Contemporary Aboriginal Art from the Robert Holmes a Court Collection, Perth Institute of Contemporary Art (PICA), Perth
      1992  Bubbles, Baubles & Beads, Utopia Art Sydney
      1992  My Story My Country: Aboriginal Art and Land, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
      1992  Aboriginal Art from the Desert, State Ethnographic Museum, St Petersburg, Ukraine
      1992  State Byelorussian Museum of Modern Art, Minsk, Byelorussia
      1992  Central Australian Aboriginal Art and Craft Exhibition, The Araluen Centre, Alice Springs
      1992  Desert Journeys, Chapman Gallery, Canberra, in association with Delmore Gallery
      1992  Aptos Cruz, Adelaide Arts Festival, Adelaide in association with Delmore Gallery
      1992  Utopia Women Eastern Desert Art, Brisbane in association with Delmore Gallery  
      1992  Salon de Sud Est, Lyon, France                                                                      
      1992  Gallery Australis, Adelaide
      1992  Desert Journeys, Chapman Gallery, Canberra
      1992  Crossroads - Towards a New Reality, Museum of Modern Art, Kyoto; National Museum of Modern Art, Tokyo, Japan                      
      1992  New Work, Utopia Art, Sydney
      1992  Modern Art – Ancient Icon. A Gallery of Dreamings for Aboriginal Australia, World Bank, Washington DC, USA
      1992  Contemporary Aboriginal Art from the Holmes a Court Collection Perth Institute of Contemporary Arts, Western Australia
      1992  Emily Kame Kngwarreye and Utopia Artists Hogarth Galleries, Sydney in association with Delmore Gallery
      1992  Keeping Culture Strong: Women’s Work in Aboriginal Australia, Stawell Gallery, Victoria
      1991  Aboriginal Paintings from the Desert, Union of Soviet Artists Gallery, Moscow
      1991  Utopia Artists, Hogarth Gallery, Sydney in association with Delmore Gallery
      1991  Eastern Desert Art: An Exhibition Eastern Desert Art, Brisbane in association with Delmore Gallery
      1991  The Creative Spirit, Chapman Gallery, Canberra in association with Delmore Gallery
      1991  Through Women’s Eyes, ATSIC, Canberra
      1991  Aboriginal Art and Spirituality, High Court of Australia, Canberra. Parliament House, Canberra. The Waverly Centre, Victoria. Ballarat Fine Art Gallery, Ballarat
      1991  Aboriginal Women’s Exhibition, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney
      1991  Recent Acquisitions, Queensland Art Gallery
      1991  Flash Pictures, National Gallery of Australia, Canberra
      1991  Images of Women, S.H.Ervin Gallery, Sydney     
      1991 Utopia - A Picture Story: 88 Silk Batiks form the Robert Holmes a Court Collection, Meat Market Gallery, Melbourne
      1991  Painting from the Desert: Contemporary Aboriginal Paintings, Plimsoll Gallery, University of Tasmania, Hobart
      1991  Australian Aboriginal Art from the Collection of Donald Khan, Lowe Art Museum, University of Miami
      1991  Utopia, Utopia Art, Sydney
      1991  Utopia Batik, Utopia Art, Sydney

      1990  ACAF 2 - The Second Australian Contemporary Art Fair 
      1990  Royal Exhibition Centre, Melbourne
      1990  Art of the Eastern Desert, Central Australia, Eastern Desert Art, Brisbane in association with Delmore Gallery
      1990  Men and Women’s Ceremonial Art, Eastern Desert Art, Brisbane, in association with Delmore Gallery
      1990  Contemporary Aboriginal Art, The Holmes a Court Collection,
      1990  Art Gallery of New South Wales
      1990  Carpenter Center for Visual Art, Harvard University, USA
      1990  James Ford Bell Museum, University of Minnesota, USA             
      1990  Lakewood Center for the Arts, Lake Oswego, USA
      1990  Noosa Regional Gallery, Noosa, QLD.
      1990  Utopia Artists, Cooee Aboriginal Art, Sydney
      1990  Abstraction, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney.
      1990  New Acquisitions, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
      1990  ARCO, Madrid, Spain                                                          
      1990  A Picture Story, Tandanya, Adelaide
      1990  New Year - New Art, Utopia Art Sydney
      1990  Utopia Artists, Flinders Lane Gallery, Melbourne
      1990  Painting from the Desert, Contemporary Aboriginal Paintings, Plimsoll Gallery, University of Tasmania   
      1989  Aboriginal Art from Utopia, Gallery Gabrielle Pizzi, Melbourne in association with Delmore Gallery
      1989  Utopia Women, Coventry Gallery, Sydney.
      1989  Paintings from Utopia, Austral Gallery, St Louis, USA
      1989  Utopia Batik, Araluen Arts Centre, Alice Springs
      1989  Utopia Batik, Darwin Gallery
      1989  A Summer Project, Utopia Women’s Paintings, S.H. Ervin Museum, Sydney.
      1989  Mythscapes: Aboriginal Art of the Desert, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne
      1989  Orange Regional Gallery, N.S.W
      1988  A Changing Relationship, SH Ervin Museum, Sydney

      EXHIBITION OF BATIK SILKS

      1988  Time Before Time, Austral Gallery, St Louis, USA
      1988  Painting and Batik from the Desert, Utopia Art, Sydney, NSW
      1988  Utopia Batik, Craft Council Gallery, Canberra, ACT
      1988  Utopia Batik, Queensland Museum, Brisbane, QLD
      1987  Fremantle Arts Centre, Fremantle, WA
      1987  Darwin Museum Gallery, Darwin, NT
      1987  Yirrkala Community Centre, Northern Territory
      1987  Jogyakarta Fine Art Academy, Indonesia
      1987  Sydney Expo, Craft Council Gallery, Sydney, NSW
      1987  The Araluen Centre, Alice Springs, NT
      1986  Craft Council Gallery, Canberra, ACT
      1986  Bundaberg Art Gallery, Queensland
      1986  The Araluen Centre, Springs Craft Festival, Alice Springs, NT
      1985  Black Women in Focus, Adelaide Festival, Adelaide, SA
      1985  Burnie Gallery, Tasmania
      1985  Tasmanian Craft Gallery, Hobart, TAS
      1984  Craft Council Gallery, Canberra, ACT
      1984  Queensland University Gallery, Brisbane, QLD
      1984  Fireworks Gallery, Adelaide, SA
      1984  Sydney Craft Expo, Sydney, NSW
      1984  Darwin Craft Council Gallery, Darwin, NT
      1984  The Araluen Centre, Alice Springs, NT
      1983  Adelaide Festival Centre, Adelaide, SA
      1983  Alice Springs Craft Council, Alice Springs, NT
      1982  Sydney Craft Expo, Sydney, NSW
      1982  Brisbane Commonwealth Games Exhibition, Brisbane, QLD
      1981  Floating Forests of Silks - Utopia Batik from the Desert, Adelaide Festival Centre, SA
      1980  Artworks, Alice Springs, NT 

                                     

      AWARDS

      1993 Federal Government Creative Fellowship

       

       BIBLIOGRAPY

      • Grishin, S. (2013) Australian Art: A History. The Miegunyah Press, Carlton, VIC.
      • Isaacs, J. et al (1998) Emily Kngwarreye Paintings. Craftsman House, VIC.